Science

Science Curriculum Intent at Thingwall 
At Thingwall primary, we know that as educators of the potential scientists of the future, we have the responsibility to ensure that every child is intrigued and excited by the wonders of science.
 
The intent of our science curriculum is to ensure that all pupils:
  • Develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena.
  • Understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave and analyse causes
  • Develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • Develop understanding of the nature, processes, methods of science through different types of science enquiries to help them answer questions about the world around them
  • Are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and in the future
  • Develop a bank of scientific vocabulary that can be used to explain their thinking effectively
  • Experience science through different contexts that are engaging, contextual and appropriate for their age group
  • Are secure in the knowledge and skills they have learnt to ensure that they can make effective progress in future learning.

Science in the Early Years Foundation Stage

Within the Early Years Foundation Stage, Science is delivered through the area of Understanding the World: The Natural World. The children work towards the Early Learning Goals as set out in the EYFS through continuous provision and adult-directed activities

Children develop crucial knowledge, skills and understanding that help them to make sense of the world; these form the foundation for Science in KS1.

Science is introduced indirectly through activities that encourage children to explore, problem solve, observe, predict, think, make decisions and talk about the world around them.

Early Years science also helps children with skills in other Foundation Stage areas of the national curriculum, such as physical development and creative development.   Children in FS2 explore creatures, people, plants, the seasons, weather and nature. They observe and manipulate objects and materials to identify differences and similarities through our investigation areas. Children also learn to use their senses and the vocabulary to describe them, we ask questions about why things happen and how things work, encouraging children to communicate, plan, investigate, record and evaluate findings.

 
We deliver the National Curriculum Programme of Study for Science which ensures full coverage and  progression of knowledge and skills. 
 
During years 1 and 2, the children will be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills:
  • asking simple questions and recognising that they can be answered in different ways 
  • observing closely, using simple equipment      
  • performing simple tests
  • identifying and classifying                                                                  
  • using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions
  • gathering and recording data to help in answering questions.
During years 3 and 4, the children will be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills: 
  • asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests
  • making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers
  • gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions
  • recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables
  • reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions
  • using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions
  • identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes
  • using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.
During years 5 and 6, the children will be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills: 

- planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary

- taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate

- recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs

- using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests

- reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations

- identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.
 
The children are assessed at the end of each unit of work using teacher assessment and 'Headstart' Primary Science Scaled Score Progress Tests.
 
We hope to develop and nurture our children's curiosity by not only following the National Curriculum, but also by exploring their questions and interest to hopefully develop a love, passion and appreciation for Science. Our school recognises the importance of nurturing a comprehensive 'science capital'  during a child's primary school years. Our curriculum and wider educational opportunities are carefully planned, to ensure that building 'scientific capital' is at the heart of all our teaching and learning, wherever possible. For instance, using the outdoor environment, running clubs like 'Stem', taking part in British Science Week and Science projects called 'Wirral under the Stars' and 'Wirral saves the Planet.' in collaboration with other local primary and secondary schools.